To see, using modern mathematics, why this works we note that the cylindrical surface has equation the toroidal surface has equation and the conical surface has equation
If the two circular ends of the cylinder are now glued together then it becomes a toroidal ring, like a doughnut.
The transmit winding is wound along the diameter of the toroidal core and the receive winding is wound along the circumference of the toroidal core.
Free oscillations are literally the ringing of the Earth like a large bell after it has been struck (by an earthquake) There are two basic types of free oscillation: toroidal , or torsional, and spheroidal.
EUV radiation from a slit or a slot passes through another thin aluminum filter and then illuminates a 9-cm diameter, ion-etched, holographic toroidal grating.
Expected values from Equations 4 and 6 (for toroidal and rectangular habitats, respectively) are indicated by solid lines.
Pore-forming mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the mode of action of Î-helical membrane peptides include the transmembrane-helical bundle, the carpet-like, and the toroidal models.
Briefly, four replicate 25 m diameter toroidal plenum rings constructed from 0.305 m diameter pipe were placed in the field shortly after planting.
In this paper, we will use melittin as an example to see if the proposed theory also describes peptides that form toroidal pores.
At lower concentrations, the peptide altered the morphology of the bilayer in a way consistent with the formation of a toroidal pore.