Palamon and Arcite are two Theban kinsmen who have been captured by Athens and declare their everlasting loyalty to each other in prison.
At this, the grateful Thebans acclaim Oedipus king, and offer him Jocasta as queen.
In Antigone, there are many different issues that the new Theban king must face, and he fails miserably, learning wisdom only after great suffering.
The Greeks united and fought Philip, Spartans fighting alongside Thebans and Athenians at Chaeronea in 338.
After the girls are led away, the Chorus of Theban elders sings about how once a member of a family commits a crime against the gods, the punishments continue to affect many later generations in the family.
But if Pindar, during his lifetime, had sold his house to some Theban , do you suppose that Alexander would have torn up the contract of sale and banished the legitimate owner?
When Antigone is sentenced to death, Haemon warns Creon that many Thebans believe that she should live.
The group known as the Theban plays, Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone, have long been influential in English literature, either directly or in versions by Seneca.