The ancient Ural mountains barely poke their summits above the taiga , Siberia's vast conifer forest.
From my hovering perch, I can see where the treeless tundra morphs into taiga - a thin boreal forest of stunted conifers, muskeg, ponds, and rivers.
Sardar said only around 200 herding reindeer are left in the Mongolian taiga (northern coniferous forest) today.
Vital to the Tsaatan nomadic lifestyle, reindeer populations in taiga just south of Siberia are decreasing significantly, posing a serious threat to the Tsaatan.
Hawk owls live and nest in the taiga , the subarctic band of forests that circle the northern reaches of the globe from Alaska to eastern Canada and from Scandinavia to Siberia.
At this western periphery of the Eurasian taiga , forests are dominated by Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, and Betula spp.
The coniferous forests of the taiga make up 27 percent of the world's forests.
The site is reached today by helicopter or on foot through swamps, bogs and hilly taiga (a northern region of vast coniferous forests composed of spruce, larch and fir.)
One of the most important processes shaping the boreal forest is fire: indeed, the taiga can be considered a forest forged in fire.
The boom and bust cycle of the populations of small mammals is a phenomenon of the taiga and tundra regions of the north.