This is the result of there being too little of a substance known as a surfactant , which acts as a kind of detergent or wetting agent to lower the surface tension of the fluid in the lungs.
The third item on the list is a surfactant like liquid dishwashing detergent.
Common binders are a combination of waxes and organic materials, which may include thermoplastics or thermosets along with surfactants and other additives.
The primary conditioning ingredients are cationic surfactants , silicones, and polymers.
Finally, addition of cationic surfactants to lipid membranes leads to hole formation.
Similar approaches were used for the adsorption of surfactants and polymers.
The most commonly used spray additives include oils, surfactants , and certain fertilizers.
The company's dishwashing liquid, for example, contains surfactants made from vegetable oil, as well as ingredients such as aloe vera and wheat protein.
The nonstick chemicals also serve in stain-resistant coatings and as surfactants in fire-fighting foams, floor polishes, and insecticides.
This same swimming response can be elicited by contact with several other seastars, or by surfactants such as soaps and detergents, or by strong salt solutions.