This is why supranational institutions such as the European Union are so important.
We must break the present supranational controls over nation-states, by the financial oligarchy.
While initially established by national governments, supranational EU institutions develop a degree of autonomy from the control of governments.
By this they mean ‘the multinational corporations, the supranational institutions and the other dominant nation-states’.
At what levels should these forums exist - local, national, or supranational ?
The defining characteristic of our age is not a shift of power upward, to supranational institutions, but downward.
This is because the EU has now reproduced the lack of transparency and distance from popular participation which is typical of these supranational organisations.
The template constituted a form of supranational policy-making, in which powers were transferred from the national to the EU level.
She warned that granting powers to the supranational institutions would lead to a ‘European super-state’.
Thus, the EU is a crossroads where subnational, national, supranational , and international policy-making all intersect.