Darwin, however, was also a late arrival but disliked religiosity and spiritualism .
In a later address on the subject Pink spoke of spiritualism (belief in communication with the spirit of the dead) as the ‘pioneer’ to theosophy.
In 1913 its adherents founded the Progressive Spiritual Church to establish spiritualism on a more religious basis.
Thus spiritualism , near-death experiences, and communication with dead people interest both paranormal and religious investigators.
In order to reach their goals for conversion, they actively coerced the children into condemning their traditional religiosity and spiritualism as ungodly rites, rituals, and idolatry.
Readers don't need to come to the book with a prior interest in spiritualism - the religious movement that holds communication with the spirit world as a central tenet - to be captivated by the story.
We lived with my grandparents and, as grandmother was a medium, spiritualism was part of everyday life.
It's interesting to see that Geller drags out Home as evidence for spiritualism , when that matter has long ago ceased to serve the cause.
Some religions today still see spiritualism in the same way; there will always be those things that are unexplainable.
Religious alternatives such as spiritualism and Theosophy have had a small but steady presence since the 1850s.