The experiment will be performed on board the Soyuz spacecraft by the Italian astronaut.
Saturn is to be visited by the Cassini spacecraft in the middle of this year, so keep your eye on it.
Once it is safely in orbit around the ringed planet, the spacecraft can begin to do its real work.
It is rare to have an opportunity to study a small body up close without sending a spacecraft to it.
The United States is also planning on launching a lunar spacecraft a few years later.
The first extreme condition a spacecraft has to deal with is that of launch.
Galileo is the first spacecraft to fly by an asteroid and the first to discover a moon of an asteroid.
In 1993, Nasa's Observer spacecraft vanished three days before it was due to enter orbit.
The operations team came up with a plan to roll the spacecraft and warm the hinges with the Sun.
In addition, they will also have to operate a manned spacecraft for at least a week.