In return, officials allowed us to take a southward route from the capital for a distance of about 180 kilometers on condition that we would not take photographs of farmers and farm villages.
The ecological barriers posed by the Alps, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Sahara seem to prevent most long-distance migrants from flying on a direct southward course from Europe to Africa.
Adult Western Sandpipers molt flight feathers following each southward migration, and then perform northward and southward migration on those feathers.
At the bottom end of Mesopotamia, the cradle of Western civilization, the Shatt takes in the water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and flows southward from Basra to the Persian Gulf.
This terrace is carefully organized to provide welcoming porches on the northern side, and to give southward views of the dramatic landscape over the games field.
The ice floes from the Gulf of Saint Lawrence that swept through the Strait of Canso every year were now blocked on their southward journey, and so they stayed to fill Saint George's Bay on the Causeway's north side.
Despite equatorial air being ever present on the fringes of this anticyclonic area, there are many years in Namibia when southward incursions rarely, if ever, occur.
In Arctic-nesting birds, such as geese, young have little time to complete their growth and acquire the fat reserves required for the southward migration.
But until then, the best way to ride out a Toba eruption is to do so in a place a bit to the eastward, and a bit to the southward (just the other side of the equator).
Facing the other way at the mezzanine level, an office space, separated by a glass wall, looks southward onto the street.