The deforestation was especially expensive to the Norse Greenlanders because they required charcoal in order to smelt iron to extract iron from bogs.
Once upon a time, long, long ago, the tribal craftsmen of India knew how to smelt iron of such purity that it never rusted.
The Brown Pelican's diet consists almost entirely of fish such as smelt and anchovies.
Since charcoal was traditionally used to smelt iron from its ore, some carbon was always incorporated into the metallic product by chance.
It was more difficult to use coal where higher temperatures were needed to smelt metals, for the fuel came into contact with the ores and introduced impurities.
Without charcoal we wouldn't have been able to smelt the metals that helped transform early man into the technological man we are today.
Local metallurgy evolved into bigger factories and British technology, including English smelting furnaces and imported coal, was used intensively.
Bricks have always been used for years by the construction industry, and for lining of ore smelting furnaces.
More recently, archaeological discoveries have documented the Incas' extensive efforts to mine silver ore and extract the precious metal in smelting operations.
You can find whole fresh smelts at the market, and you typically cook them whole.