The rituals are performed under the direction of the shaman .
While performing the ritual, the shaman (witch doctor) dances and enters into a trance.
One becomes a shaman by apprenticing to a shaman and learning the magic formulas to be recited on different occasions.
Among the Sauk, shamans were thought to be capable of transforming themselves into bears and other animals to destroy their enemies.
Many areas were not converted to Islam until the eighteenth century, and even then it was by the mystical Sufi branch, who integrated local shamanistic practices with their religion.
Later Greek usage became more inclusive, combining divine possession, shamanic trances, and other inspirational methods on the one hand with inductive methods such as those of Roman divination.
Can it be a good idea to take shamanist ways of working and using them for spiritualist work?
Since most shamanist activity took place in the home, there was no religious organization to attack, and so it was relatively easy for shamanism to survive underground.
Before Christian and medieval Scandinavian influence, religion involved shamanism , with practitioners mediating between the present world and the upper and nether realms of the universe.
Evil shamans involve spirits and have what we would call supernatural powers.