The matter was composed primarily of an ionized gas of electrons, protons , and helium nuclei.
The strong force also attracts protons to protons or neutrons to neutrons.
The rate of the former, productive reaction is determined by the protonic conductance of the consumer.
Its atoms have a nucleus of two protons and two neutrons, orbited by two electrons.
However, the pKa in the range of physiological pH values ensures a high dynamic range of fluorescence modulation by any mechanism based on a distortion of the protonic equilibrium of the chromophore.
It consists of an interdependence between the electronic and protonic captures, which results from electrostatic interactions between redox and protonatable groups.
Another significant methodological choice is whether to use a single-charge model, in which the protonic charge is added at one site, or to use a model in which the charge is spread over the entire group.
An alpha particle consists of two protons and two neutrons; it is the nucleus of a helium atom.
Overall, atoms are neutral and the number of protons in their nuclei equals the number of electrons.
The organic purity of the organoarsenic species was determined by protonic nuclear magnetic resonance.