Aerosols produced when excess blood is expelled from the needle tip can be minimized if the syringe is held vertically and the blood deposited directly on a cotton pledget .
Local anesthesia is applied to the nasal, oral, and laryngeal mucosa by either an atomizer, gargle, nose drops, or pledget .
Pulmonary infection after cardiac surgery has been reported as a sequelae of Teflon pledget or graft erosion into adjacent lung parenchyma, resulting in cardiopulmonary fistula and hemoptysis.
At my altar, I deploy cotton pledgets dipped in remover, clean flecks of old polish off each nail, then file the sides
The pledgets are placed on the atrial side of the mitral annulus.
The surgeon inspects all cannulation sites for bleeding and makes any needed repairs with polypropylene suture pledgets .
Clinical studies have shown that only approximately one third of a cocaine solution placed on pledgets is absorbed via the nasal mucosa, providing an added margin of safety for the surgeon.
Cotton pledgets soaked in vasoconstrictor and anesthetic should be placed in the anterior nasal cavity, and direct pressure should be applied at both sides of the nose for at least five minutes.
Keep all sponges, gauze, pledgets , and their strings moist throughout the procedure to help them resist ignition.
For a ventricular hemorrhage, direct digital pressure or suturing via non-absorbable vascular sutures with pledgets .