In Bentham's day, the cutting edge of brain science was phrenology - the idea that you could read someone's character by feeling the contours of his or her skull.
As the prototype for a normalizing physical anthropology, however, phrenology , with its value-laden stereotyping psycho-techniques, introduced new ethical problems.
He finds himself drawn on a journey involving phrenology , the dodgy science of determining mental prowess from bumps on the head, involving a machine called a psychograph.
Once a lively ‘science’, phrenology disappeared because what it proposed was incorrect and hence irrelevant.
At this point, many no longer considered phrenology a legitimate science, and America was now looking to the most recent European import, the emerging field of psychoanalysis, to explain human behavior.
No one these days would argue such a thesis at length any more than they would pontificate on the brain-measuring taxonomies of 19th-century phrenologists who took the white man's superiority for granted.
I'm studying women's phrenological characteristics.
His death mask, which showed him to have had a sharply receding forehead, created problems for nineteenth century phrenologists since it ‘left no room for the organ of causality’.
Other resources were in short supply as well: in 1887 the journal of the National Museum in Rio reported despondently on the difficulties of obtaining Indian skulls for phrenological research.
Instead of countering these puny charges, let me just say that these allegations of inferior innards recall those of the phrenologists and racial purists in one of the darkest eras of modern history.