a member of a Semitic people inhabiting ancient Phoenicia and its colonies. The Phoenicians prospered from trade and manufacturing until the capital, Tyre, was sacked by Alexander the Great in 332 bc.
Once the trade capital of East Africa, Zanzibar attracted Sumerians, Assyrians, Phoenicians , Arabs, Chinese and Malays, giving the city a distinct culture and history from mainland Tanzania.
the Semitic language of the Phoenicians, written in an alphabet that was the ancestor of the Greek and Roman alphabets.
It was the ultimate ancestor of all later alphabets, such as those used for Phoenician , Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, Latin, English, French, Russian, the languages of the Indian subcontinent, and those of Ethiopia.