Diploid, triploid, and tetraploid A. thaliana were phenotypically very similar, the most obvious difference being flower size, which increased with ploidy.
A classic forward genetics approach relies on the identification of observable mutant phenotypes .
The reason why European mink could hybridize with polecats may be found in phenotypic convergence.
Eukaryotic phenotypic diversity arises from multitasking of a core proteome of limited size.
Many more pairs of traits had significant phenotypic correlations in progeny than in parents.
It turned out that the same phenotypic trait of long wing veins evolved by different genetic mechanisms.
On a whole plant level, a mild stress generates phenotypical changes reminiscent of a 2,3, 5-triiodobenzoic acid like disturbance of auxin distribution.
For a parent with observed phenotypes , its actual genotypes can be inferred similarly.
A quantitative model with additive effects was used to link genotypes to phenotypes .
All fungi recovered were subcultured on Sabouraud agar and identified using standard phenotypical techniques.