permafrost - транскрипция, произношение и перевод онлайн

Транскрипция и произношение слова "permafrost" в британском и американском вариантах. Подробный перевод и примеры.

permafrost / вечная мерзлота
[ˈpɜː.mə.frɒst]
[ˈpɝː.mə.frɑːst]
Перевод
имя существительное
вечная мерзлота
permafrost, deepfrozen soil, ever-frost
Определения
имя существительное
a thick subsurface layer of soil that remains frozen throughout the year, occurring chiefly in polar regions.
The permafrost below the topsoil is frozen all year around, and this prevents roots from penetrating deeply into the ground.
Примеры
On Alaska's northern coast, they met Native Alaskans dealing with melting permafrost and coastal erosion.
In regions influenced by permafrost , water migrates along the thermal gradient from warm to cold, thereby feeding ice in the frozen core.
These self-organized patterns result from the effects of freezing and thawing on layers of stone and soil overlying permafrost .
The rest of the year what little soil there is on the surface is rock hard above permafrost .
The forest grows atop permafrost , a layer of soil that remains frozen year-round.
Hot, dry summers have thawed permafrost layers and shriveled berry crops.
Most of the remainder comes from wetlands, gas hydrates, permafrost , and termites.
hilly terrain underlain by permafrost
We are already beginning to see the likely effects of climate change: melting permafrost and the retreat of permanent icepacks.
Increased snow and ice melt have caused higher rivers while thawing permafrost has wreaked havoc with roads and other infrastructure.