Because women marry into a patrilineal descent system, the children belong to the father.
He also examines how attempts to insist on patrilineal descent for Fijian voting rights exclude many people who lead Fijian lives through maternal ties.
Most Ugandan cultures are patrilineal , so people tend to identify more with their father's tribe.
South of the Zambezi River, tribes follow a patrilineal descent; to the north, kin ties are established through the mother's line.
On the other hand, other modes of alliance also remained important, and relationships between patrilineal kin could be antagonistic as well as friendly.
Some of the people follow matrilineal descent rules, while others follow patrilineal rules.
Both matrilineal and patrilineal descent groups exist in Mozambique.
Why the change occurred is not 100% clear, but is likely a result of the traumas of exile, when many Jewish women were raped, and a patrilineal descent rule would have been a disaster.
They think of these groups as patrilineal descent groups, although they are in fact quite flexible in membership criteria.
In a patrilineal society, having many male offspring was a big concern and a much-invoked wish.