For example, the propensity of opioid abusers entering opioid agonist treatment to discount their cocaine use has been previously documented.
The medications most often implicated in prescription drug abuse are opioid analgesics, sedative-hypnotics and stimulants.
An oral, poorly absorbed opioid antagonist, such as naloxone, can be helpful when usual laxatives are not working.
Fentanyl, morphine, and hydromorphone are opioid analgesic medications that may be used for moderate sedation/analgesia.
Nalmefene, another opioid antagonist, is similar to naltrexone but without FDA approval for treatment of alcohol dependence.
Some of the most addictive pain medications are opioids , a family of drugs that have effects similar to those of opium or morphine.
Physicians who were addicted to opioids most commonly used pharmaceutical opioids , with very few using heroin.
Historical evidence suggests that law enforcement has been useful in the control of alcohol, tobacco, amphetamine, and opioids .
Patients with a past or present history of addiction or dependence on opioids account for the majority of these reports.
However, women who are dependent on opioids do better with methadone than with no treatment.