The first eyeshadows used lead and antimony sulfide, and lips were reddened with mercuric sulfide, both highly toxic substances.
The zinc salt components mimic mercuric chlorides but without toxicity and are used in other modern fixatives to replace B5-type fixation.
During the Great Depression one enterprising young man sought to improve his lot by salvaging ‘quicksilver’ from cinnabar (HgS, mercuric sulfide) leftover from an old mining venture in the area.
The others were chlorocresol, cresol, parabens, phenol, phenylethanol, phenyl mercuric salts and thimerosal;
Vermilion paint, made from mercuric sulphide, was then splashed onto the image's wrists, feet and body to represent blood.
This would be analogous to other flavoproteins such as mercuric ion reductase, lipoamide dehydrogenase, and thioredoxin reductase.
Zalups et al. have suggested that urinary mercury excretion is related positively to the degree of cellular damage during acute mercuric chloride-induced renal damage.
The term ‘mad as a hatter’ comes from the use of mercuric nitrate which was used in the felting process of making hats.
Funerary uses of vermillion, a form of mercuric sulfide, were common in China before they spread to western Japan.
The authors also thank their colleague for sending them the coordinates of mercuric ion reductase.