The novel has a Kiplingesque gusto, too, that makes it a pleasure to read, but central to its theme is an unredemptive, darkly evil violence that is far beyond anything Kipling ever touched on.
This was, and perhaps still is, a view which suited the comfortable Kiplingesque view of the old Empire.
And that pragmatic philosophy has until now guided Jackie through his various ebbs and flows and taught him to regard success and failure in Kiplingesque terms.
He arrived in Bombay in 1943 without much knowledge of the country, but also without Kiplingesque arrogance.
Beginning with Kiplingesque animal stories when he was 15, he managed to get into print right away.