Like Maner before her, Johnson recommended the ‘applied ethics’ approach of using procedures and concepts from utilitarianism and Kantianism .
Much of what I have been describing as a Kantian position is also Hegelian.
You might say that this is the metaphysical residue not soaked up by Kantian epistemology.
Of course, Kantianism validates only ethical mandates.
In any case, objections similar to those against Kantianism may be raised against what we may call the semantic conception of metaphysics.
Nietzsche rejected the Kantian distinction between a noumenal and phenomenal world.
I see Adorno as a Kantian who wants to correct an error in Kant's critical philosophy.
And he used Kantian categories to analyse Hobbes's laws of nature in this way.
After all, moral theories such as Kantianism , utilitarianism, and common-sense morality require that an agent give weight to the interests of others.
Rejecting Kantianism does not mean accepting a puerile relativism, in which aesthetic judgments express purely private preferences, devoid of any logic at all.