the Hebrew nation or people. According to tradition, they are descended from the patriarch Jacob (also named Israel), whose twelve sons became founders of the twelve tribes of ancient Israel.
the northern kingdom of the Hebrews ( circa 930–721 bc ), formed after the reign of Solomon, whose inhabitants were carried away to captivity in Assyria.
a country in the Middle East, on the Mediterranean Sea; population 7,233,700 (est. 2009); capital (not recognized as such by the United Nations), Jerusalem; languages, Hebrew (official), English, and Arabic.