The perforation pattern was carefully designed to maintain visual connectivity to the exterior while minimizing glare and insolation .
Long-term changes in the Earth's orbit are believed to cause a redistribution of insolation across both hemispheres, and these changes, in turn, lead to changes in climate.
Actual insolation at Earth's surface and latitude ~ 33° N, some weeks after the autumnal equinox, will of course be less than this; let's call it an even 1 kilowatt per square meter.
The glass panels are in fact triple-glazed units, with blinds in the wider cavity automatically activated to cut down insolation .
Surface temperature affects the extent of habitat suitable for temperature sensitive species and is directly linked to insolation , air temperature, and wind.
In summer, various shading devices including adjustable sun protecting blinds and coloured curtains reduce insolation .
In the annual cycle experiments, however, low winter insolation causes the seaways to freeze.
More exposed microsites receive more insolation , which may be energetically advantageous to incubating birds.
While not advocating planar glazing, I wonder if there couldn't have been a less strident approach to making the glass walls, which themselves are causing some problems of insolation and glare.
The procedure selected the following four variables: direct insolation , slope, Ca and total nitrogen.