If we must choose between a society that is in fact liberal and an illiberal society that scrupulously avoids formal racial criteria, we can hardly appeal to the ideals of liberal pluralism to prefer the latter.
Since our island is in the Auckland City area we get to choose the mayor from among an assortment of National Party have-beens - a liberal one and an illiberal one - and an entrepreneur bent on not upsetting the chicken coop.
Is this state of affairs an acceptable result of a pluralistic liberal system, or is there something fundamentally illiberal about American politics today?
But does this say anything about the relations likely to develop between liberal and illiberal states?
But just how far should and may the liberal state go to curb illiberal behavior?
Increasingly, the US has used a combination of punitive and rewarding strategies to spread liberal ideas in previously illiberal parts of the world.
And one of the key signs that much of today's left is actually, demonstrably illiberal , intolerant and reactionary, is the way in which this is now a common feature of leftist discourse.
He is avaricious and ambitious, I fear ungenerous and illiberal ; is destitute of heroic daring.
Instead the recent reaction to these decisions has done little to challenge the illiberal , anti-democratic drift of our time.
Hence, it seems that the appeal to ‘tolerance’ does not resolve the conflict between liberal values and illiberal minorities.