espalier - транскрипция, произношение и перевод онлайн

Транскрипция и произношение слова "espalier" в британском и американском вариантах. Подробный перевод и примеры.

espalier / шпалеры, шпалерник
[ɪsˈpæljə]
[ɪsˈpæljə]
Перевод
имя существительное
шпалеры
espalier
шпалерник
espalier
глагол
выращивать на шпалерах
espalier
Определения
имя существительное
a fruit tree or ornamental shrub whose branches are trained to grow flat against a wall, supported on a lattice or a framework of stakes.
Because the fruit is so good, the trees are best grown as espaliers in a small garden, which will maximise fruit production against tree size.
глагол
train (a tree or shrub) to grow flat against a wall.
Once you know what you are doing, you can prune 12 dwarf espaliered trees in an hour or maybe two each year.
Примеры
I want to train a pear tree as an espalier against a wall.
A simple espalier can train all branches to grow horizontally.
They look marvellous espaliered on wires against a wall, too, as opposed to growing loosely as a shrub.
Because the fruit is so good, the trees are best grown as espaliers in a small garden, which will maximise fruit production against tree size.
These include Kylemore Abbey, where 150-year-old apple espaliers line the paths of the kitchen garden.
Apples are espaliered along space-saving rows of wire fencing.
In addition there is a large patio surrounded by trees on espaliers .
Once you know what you are doing, you can prune 12 dwarf espaliered trees in an hour or maybe two each year.
Plant an espaliered pomegranate or other fruit tree against a bare wall and train the branches into a living sculpture.
It was espaliered carefully back onto its old trellis and coaxed into bloom.