When she puts a comma in a sentence, adds an ellipsis , uses a semi-colon, you can bet it's a punctuation mark that belongs wherever she puts it.
O'Connor gives both analyses (intransitive verb and ellipsis of the object), and I think that the second one is probably right and the first one is probably not.
it is very rare for an ellipsis to occur without a linguistic antecedent
This sounds impressive, but one of the examples my ellipsis hides is ‘birds flying through trees.’
As Barbara suggests, if we change Representative Obey's ‘than it was’ to ‘than it did’ then his verb-phrase ellipsis makes sense.
However, an ellipsis indicates the omission of words which clearly show that the complete passage by Inglis Clark had nothing whatever to do with retrospective laws.
FYI, the ellipsis in the first sentence above replaced the word ‘mechanical’, which might have given away the dated nature of the text.
Again a shift occurs at the ellipsis : Before it, the doctor speaks monologically, addressing Golyadkin only indirectly.
Then the numbers 1, 11, 2,…, where the ellipsis are filled by a sequence of 1's as needed, solves the puzzle.
And where did the ellipsis in ‘emotional examples of suffering… are good ways to illustrate economic statistic stories’ first appear?