Coburg and Gotha were the two towns in the former duchy of Saxen-Coburg and Gotha.
Lorraine, an independent duchy embedded in French territory and occupied and exploited by the French ever since 1670 in the hope of ultimate annexation, had to be given up.
A beautiful, headstrong, and feisty young woman, she was the heiress to the duchy of Hilos, one of the richest provinces.
He was seen as bringing glory to the duchy and the Duke was active in getting important commissions for him, as well as using his paintings as political gifts.
We can't risk war between the duchy and the kingdom.
The third lion was added by King Henry II to represent the duchy his wife, Eleanor, came from and is called Aquitaine.
This rival claim, coupled with Normandy's long land frontier, meant that the duchy remained the most vulnerable part of his empire.
Perhaps only in Urbino does one pick up the same sense, in Italy, of absolute power in a confined space: this is a duchy that made a virtue of containment, a secret garden in the demesne of Medieval and Renaissance Europe.
Bretons have their own language and customs, and until 1532 the province was an independent duchy .
Although he distinguished himself in the fighting, the French were chased out of their Italian territories including the duchy of Milan which Louis XII had ruled since 1499.