I think the debate is - and should be - between two different forms of dualism: secular dualism and religious dualism .
Hence dualism itself does not preclude animal minds.
Issues raised include the mind-body relation, materialism and dualism , the Cartesian view of matter, and the relations between religious beliefs and parapsychology.
A similar dualism , a kind of double vision of the world is typical also for Ihan's poetry, which often brushes against the borders of poetic prose.
As scenes in the fast moving episodes unfold, the music reconciles difference and similarity; it suggests dualism and unexplored complexity.
He discussed the philosophy of mathematics, political philosophy where topics such as censorship are discussed, and religious philosophy where topics such as atheism, dualism and pantheism are considered.
This Cudworth therefore interpreted Descartes' dualism with some latitude to explain all movement, life and action in terms of the activity of spirits operating on inert matter.
Clearly, that would be a contemporary form of Manichean dualism amounting to a denial of God's lordship, power, and redemption.
However, typically, ‘metaphysics’ refers to broad theories of reality, such as materialism and dualism , and to broad issues regarding the nature of reality.
Such dualism , which in effect consigns the Other to perdition, is in modernity often a characteristic of fundamentalisms.