The antiproton was produced when protons from a cyclotron were used to bombard a copper target.
Perhaps the most important improvement has been the replacement of an electrical magnet with a series of permanent magnets to generate the cyclotron 's magnetic field.
The radioactive isotopes must be made in a cyclotron, and because of the short half-lives, the cyclotron must be located at the imaging facility site.
The first students to work on the cyclotron in the lab setting modified the magnet to better focus the proton beam.
The Berkeley cyclotron created many elements never found in nature - including plutonium, which directly follows neptunium in the periodic table.
Lawrence used his cyclotron to accelerate deuterons that were then crashed into sodium, producing a therapeutically useful radioisotope of sodium.
It was only in 1947 that German physicists were allowed to restart their only cyclotron , a small machine built as part of the wartime fission program at the University of Heidelberg.
It was Ernest Orlando Lawrence who invented the first cyclotron back in 1930.
Michigan State University is the site of a very powerful atom smasher, called a cyclotron .
The authors are to be commended for a clear and comprehensive description of how cyclotrons , originally used to study nuclear structure and interactions, were redeployed to treat cancer.