On April 12, 1961, the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin aboard Vostok 1 lifted off into space to achieve the first Earth orbit.
In the small Fife town of Lumphinnans there is a street named in honour of the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.
A Russian cosmonaut and an American astronaut are on a spacewalk outside the International Space Station.
He will live and work aboard the international space station along with another American astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut .
The Russian cosmonaut and the American astronaut today took care of a little maintenance outside the Space Station.
Working closely with IMAX, 25 astronauts and cosmonauts were trained to use the high-tech equipment.
The answers to this and other questions were found by successfully sending animals and then Russian cosmonauts and U.S. astronauts into short spaceflights.
We don't really have much time for a social life - there's a lot of work to get through - but we meet Russian cosmonauts and American astronauts, too.
Reporters at participating NASA centers will have the first 13 minutes to question the astronauts and cosmonauts .
The efforts of astronauts and cosmonauts since 1961 are just the beginning of this process.