The report went on to note that livestock was collectivized without adequate preparation, and with no thought given to shelter or fodder.
‘We want to take back the stolen state utilities and go further than that by taking control of the oil industry and collectivising insurance and finance,’ said Sheridan.
Scattered fruit and non-timber trees and plantations that were collectivized during the creation of the communes were returned to households.
The goals were to set up a new, collectivized , noncapitalist economy, to establish universal education and health care, and to create a ‘new man’ in a new society.
Agriculture was collectivized , and the surviving part of the industrial base was abandoned or placed under state control.
What happened in the three months between Stalin's December announcement and his statement in March 1930 that 58 per cent of peasant households had been collectivized was ghastly.
It was in 1981, during what people call ‘the hungry time’, when the wars and the communists' policy of collectivising the farms had devastated the food supply.
The distribution of land to the peasantry after World War I was reversed under the Soviet occupation as land was collectivized and put under the control of the state.
Not only does this suggest that we can speak of a genuine legal culture in some sectors of the Soviet judiciary, it also evinces the rejection of a revolutionary-era commitment to collectivized child raising.
The sweeping collectivisation of land in the 1950s was driven by the need to generate revenues to carry out industrialisation and maintain support for the regime among the mass of the peasantry.