The cinchona tree was, in effect, the key to all the other riches of the New World, because without it Europeans could not survive the debilitating fevers that seemed to strike everyone who ventured into the Americas.
And for those unfamiliar with the Peruvian national emblem, it depicts a vicuna, a horn of plenty and a cinchona tree.
In the mid-seventeenth century, Spain began to import the bitter bark of cinchona trees from Peru and Ecuador as an antidote for malaria.
Malaria victims were treated with quinine, an extract from the bark of the cinchona tree.
He was impressed with cinchona , the South American tree bark that was the first effective treatment for malaria.
Containing quinine and other alkaloids, Peruvian barks, or cinchona , were the ‘aspirin’ of their time.
There are still cinchona trees in the area, though modern medicine has rendered them useless.
Quinine is a natural extract of the cinchona tree, and was used to treat malaria.
In 1735, Joseph de Jussieu, a French botanist, collected detailed information about the cinchona trees.
Quinine is derived from cinchona bark , and mixed with lime.