In the eighteenth century the Russian Orthodox Church changed tactics; the Bible was translated into Chuvash and preachers began to use the Chuvash language.
When I was in Cheboksary in May I purchased a copy of Konstantin Ivanov's Narspi, a long poem that holds a prominent place in Chuvash literature.
The Chuvash poet recounts how Khardzhiev personally, in a single sitting, corrected the manuscript of Camilla Gray's groundbreaking The Russian Experiment in Art.
The first clear mention of the Chuvash by that name comes from a Russian chronicle dated 1521, when they were already well-established as a culturally distinct group.
An inscription dated from 1307 shows that some Chuvash had converted to Islam.
These diverse groups lie scattered from the Caucasus and Ural mountains to eastern Siberia, and include the Tatars, Chuvash , Bashkirs, Sakha, Tuvans, Karachai, Khakass, Altays, and others.
Late Tuesday, Putin confirmed that Nikolai Fyodorov would serve a fourth term as president of the Chuvash republic.