Deeply fragrant, it usually contains cardamom, coriander, allspice, cayenne , ginger, cloves and nutmeg and, invariably dried rose petals.
To make the batter, sift the flour, baking powder and cayenne into a bowl.
The spices - turmeric, black pepper, coriander, fenugreek, cumin and cayenne - formed something similar to a basic Madras curry powder, missing only the sweeter spices.
The powerful combination of cayenne and black pepper with Tabasco does make a great difference.
Melt the butter in a large pot, then add the onion, celery, leek, curry powder, cayenne pepper , bay leaves, thyme and saffron.