boson - транскрипция, произношение и перевод онлайн

Транскрипция и произношение слова "boson" в британском и американском вариантах. Подробный перевод и примеры.

boson / бозон
[ˈbəʊ.sən]
[ˈboʊ-]
Перевод
существительное
бозон
прилагательное
бозонный
bosonic
Определения
имя существительное
a subatomic particle, such as a photon, that has zero or integral spin and follows the statistical description given by S. N. Bose and Einstein.
The two farthest-reaching bosons are the graviton, the gauge boson for gravity, and the photon, the gauge boson for electromagnetism.
Примеры
The two farthest-reaching bosons are the graviton, the gauge boson for gravity, and the photon, the gauge boson for electromagnetism.
First of all, it is true that a particle that is formed from a quark and an anti-quark is a boson .
The photon, a boson , has a fermion partner called the photino.
In modern particle physics theory, the photon is described as a boson , a particle with integral spin that acts as carrier of the electromagnetic force.
In quantum physics, all elementary particles such as quarks, electrons and gluons are classified as either fermions or bosons , depending on their spin.
For example, the earliest version of the theory could only accommodate bosons , whereas many hadrons - including the proton and neutron - are fermions.
Higgsinos and gauginos are the names of the fermionic superpartners of the Higgs scalars and gauge bosons respectively.
But if supersymmetry were unbroken, fermions and bosons would be exactly matched in the Universe, and that's not the way things are.
This property of making a group of bosons into the same quantum state so they act like a single entity was done in 1995 by physicists at the Joint Institute of Laboratory Astrophysics, in Boulder, Colorado.
By comparing the fundamental properties of these bosons , it is clear that photons and gravitons are different, although they do share some of the same properties.