the capital of Greece, in the southern part of the country; population 745,500 (est. 2009). A flourishing city state in ancient Greece, it was an important cultural center in the 5th century bc . It came under Roman rule in 146 bc and fell to the Goths in ad 267. After its capture by the Turks in 1456, Athens declined to the status of a village until chosen as the capital of a newly independent Greece in 1834.
a city in northeastern Georgia, the seat of the University of Georgia; since a 1991 merger, is part of Athens–Clarke County; consolidated population 113,398 (est. 2008).
a city in southeastern Ohio, the seat of Ohio University; population 22,088 (est. 2008).