artel - транскрипция, произношение и перевод онлайн

Транскрипция и произношение слова "artel" в британском и американском вариантах. Подробный перевод и примеры.

artel / артель
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Перевод
существительное
артель
gang
Определения
имя существительное
(in prerevolutionary Russia) a cooperative association of craftsmen living and working together.
Producers' cooperatives in the form of artels were already part of Russian tradition; what was new was the sudden popularity of marketing and purchasing cooperatives.
Примеры
Producers' cooperatives in the form of artels were already part of Russian tradition; what was new was the sudden popularity of marketing and purchasing cooperatives.
60% of the Koryaks had joined co-operatives and artels by 1940 when collective farms came into existence.
Nonetheless, the artels and consolidated villages became permanent settlements.
Unless these conditions are fulfilled, we consider any assistance given to the artels and the co-operatives not only useless, but definitely harmful.
The main task of the artels was to restore and to recover the wood-processing industry and to provide future product development.